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*J ʿ L

JAʿALA — to make; to place, to set, to establish; to assign, to appoint, to give

  1. a) perf. act.
  2. 4:5(4) do not give to fools their property that God has assigned to you to manage
  3. 5:97(98) God has appointed the Kaaba
  4. 5:103(102) God has not appointed cattle dedicated to idols
  5. 6:136(137) they appoint to God, of the tillage and cattle
  6. 16:72(74) God has appointed for you of yourselves wives
  7. 16:80(82) it is God who has appointed a place of rest
  8. 16:81(83) it is God who has appointed for you coverings
  9. 16:91(93) and you have made God your surety
  10. 28:71(71) what think you? If God should make the night unceasing
  11. 28:72(72) what think you? If God should make the day unceasing
  12. 33:4(4) God has not assigned to any man two hearts within
  13. 40:61(63) it is God who made for you the night
  14. 40:64(66) it is God who made for you the earth
  15. 40:79(79) it is God who appointed for you the cattle
  16. 65:3(3) God has appointed a measure for everything
  17. 71:19(18) God has laid the earth for you as a carpet
  1. b) impf. act.
  2. 2:224(224) do not make God a hindrance, through your oaths
  3. 3:156(150) that God may make that an anguish in their hearts
  4. 4:19(23) you may be averse to a thing, and God set in it much good
  5. 4:144(143) do you desire to give God over you a clear authority?
  6. 6:125(125) so God lays abomination upon those who believe not
  7. 16:57(59) and they assign to God daughters
  8. 16:62(64) they assign to God that they themselves dislike
  9. 24:40(40) to whomsoever God assigns no light, no light has he
  10. 60:7(7) it may be God will yet establish between you and… them… love
  11. 65:7(7) God will assuredly appoint, after difficulty, easiness
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16. The Bee (70 – 92)

70It is God who has created you and in time will cause you to die. Some of you will be reduced, in old age, to a most abject state, so that, after having knowledge, they will know nothing at all: God is truly all knowing and all powerful. 71God has given some of you more provision than others. Those who have been given more are unwilling to pass their provision on to the slaves they possess so that they become their equals. How can they refuse to acknowledge God's blessings? 72And it is God who has given you spouses from amongst yourselves and through them He has given you children and grandchildren and provided you with good things. How can they believe in falsehood and deny God's blessings?a i.e. claim that the partners they ascribe to God are the ones to give them such blessings. 73Those they worship beside God have no power to provide anything for them from the heavens or the earth: they can do nothing. 74So do not make up images about God: God knows and you do not.

75God presents this illustration: a slave controlled by his master, with no power over anything, and another man We have supplied with good provision, from which he gives alms privately and openly. Can they be considered equal? All praise belongs to God, but most of them do not recognize this. 76God presents another illustration: two men, one of them dumb, unable to do anything, a burden to his carer—whatever task he directs him to, he achieves nothing good— can he be considered equal to one who commands justice and is on the straight path? 77All that is hidden from view in the heavens and earth belongs to God. The coming of the Hour of Judgement is like the blink of an eye, or even quicker: God has power over everything. 78It is God who brought you out of your mothers’ wombs knowing nothing, and gave you hearing and sight and minds, so that you might be thankful. 79Do they not see the birds made to fly through the air in the sky? Nothing holds them up except God. There truly are signs in this for those who believe.80It is God who has given you a place of rest in your homes and from the skins of animals made you homes that you find light [to handle] when you travel and when you set up camp; furnishings and comfort for a while from their wool, fur, and hair. 81It is God who has given you shade from what He has created, and places of shelter in the mountains; garments to protect you from the heat, and garments to protect you in your wars. In this way He perfects His blessings on you, so that you may devote yourselves to Him. 82But if they turn away [Prophet], your only duty is to deliver the message clearly. 83They know God's blessings, but refuse to recognize them: most of them are ungrateful.

84The day will come when We raise up a witness from every community, when the disbelievers will not be allowed to make excuses or amends. 85When the evildoers face punishment it will not be lightened for them nor will they be given any respite.86When the idolaters see the partners they joined with God they will say, ‘Our Lord, these are the partners we used to invoke beside You,’ but the partners will retort, ‘You are liars,’ 87and on that Day they will offer total submission to God: their false deities will desert them.88Because of the corruption they spread, We shall add torment upon torment for those who disbelieved and barred others from the path of God.

89The day will come when We raise up in each community a witness against them, and We shall bring you [Prophet] as a witness against these people, for We have sent the Scripture down to you explaining everything, and as guidance and mercy and good news to those who devote themselves to God.

90God commands justice, doing good, and generosity towards relatives and He forbids what is shameful, blameworthy, and oppressive. He teaches you, so that you may take heed. 91Fulfil any pledge you make in God's name and do not break oaths after you have sworn them, for you have made God your surety: God knows everything you do. 92Do not use your oaths to deceive each other—like a woman who unravels the thread she has firmly spun—just because one party may be more numerous than another. God tests you with this, and on the Day of the Resurrection He will make clear to you those things you differed about.

Notes:

a i.e. claim that the partners they ascribe to God are the ones to give them such blessings.

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