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Displaying 30 Moments from 542 - 629

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  Islamic World NonIslamic World        
        Year Moment  
    NonIslamic World   542 - 594 Plague in Europe cuts population in half  
  Islamic World     570 Prophet Muhammad (d. 632)   Learn more
    NonIslamic World   575 Buddhism firmly established in Japan  
  Islamic World     595 Muhammad marries Khadijah, his first and only wife until her death and mother of his four daughters, Zaynab, Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum, and Fatima, and two sons who died in infancy, al-Qasim and ʿAbd Allah   Learn more
    NonIslamic World   600 Book printing in China  
  Islamic World     610 Muhammad receives call to prophethood through first revelation of the Qurʾan, continues to receive prophecies for 22 years   Learn more
  Islamic World     610 Khadijah is first to believe in Muhammad’s prophethood, becoming first convert to Islam  
  Islamic World     613 Muhammad begins public preaching in Mecca   Learn more
  Islamic World     613 First emigration of Muslims to Abyssinia, although Muhammad remained in Mecca to continue preaching against polytheists  
  Islamic World     619 Deaths of Muhammad’s wife, Khadijah, and uncle, Abu Talib, leaving Muhammad without a protector   Learn more
  Islamic World     619 Muhammad tries to leave Mecca  
  Islamic World     621 Muhammad’s first contact with Medina   Learn more
  Islamic World     622 Migration (Hijra) of early Muslims to Medina   Learn more
  Islamic World     622 Islam takes form of political state  
  Islamic World     622 First year of Islamic calendar  
  Islamic World     622 Prophet Muhammad establishes mosque of Quba in Medina as first religious waqf   Learn more
  Islamic World     622 Mosque of the Prophet built in Medina  
  Islamic World     622 Muhammad marries ʿAishah (d. 678), daughter of first caliph, Abu Bakr, and exemplary female figure for Sunni Muslims   Learn more
  Islamic World     622 - 623 Series of compacts between Muslims, Jews, and Christians in the Arabian Peninsula, examples of treaty relations establishing interfaith cooperation and peaceful coexistence   Learn more
  Islamic World     624 Battle of Badr—Muslims outnumbered, but victorious; serves as symbol for Muslims of divine intervention and guidance   Learn more
  Islamic World     625 Battle of Uhud—Muhammad and Muslims attacked and defeated by Meccans   Learn more
  Islamic World     626 First charitable waqf for benefit of the poor and needy established in form of seven orchards in Medina   Learn more
  Islamic World     626 Husayn ibn ʿAli (d. 680), son of ʿAli and Fatimah, grandson of Muhammad and third Shiʿi Imam   Learn more
  Islamic World     627 Battle of the Trench/Ditch—Muhammad and Muslims victorious over Meccans and Bedouin mercenaries   Learn more
  Islamic World     627 Muhammad consolidates leadership in Medina  
  Islamic World     627 ʿAishah accused of adultery in “Affair of the Necklace,” but exonerated by Qurʾanic revelation  
    NonIslamic World   628 Byzantines retake the Holy Cross from the Sassanid Persians  
  Islamic World     628 Treaty of Hudaybiyah permits Muslims to make pilgrimage to Mecca by establishing temporary truce   Learn more
  Islamic World     628 Muslims defeat and expel Jews of Khaybar after repeated violations of treaties by Jews  
  Islamic World     629 Qiblah (direction of prayer) changed from Jerusalem to Mecca   Learn more
Islamic World NonIslamic World          
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